I recently attended a lecture on science and scientists of India. I was really fascinated to know something. Want to know what? Read on!

                It was the fact that India won a Nobel Prize in 1930 and it was inspired by a question that had fascinated me from my childhood. It was Sir C.V. Raman who won India’s first noble prize. Well, let me tell you what exactly he did.

                When working as a professor, he got an invitation from England to attend a conference on Science. As his ship was sailing through the Mediterranean Sea, he wondered, why is the water blue? This question ignited his mind and he came up with an interesting explanation for it. This was named as the ‘Raman Effect’. Raman discovered the Raman Effect on 28th February, 1928 and this day is till date observed as ‘National Science Day’ in India. He was awarded Knighthood by the British Empire in 1929 for this discovery, and also won him the Nobel Prize in Physics in the year 1930.

In his Nobel Lecture, “The molecular scattering of light” delivered on 11th, December 1930, Sir C.V Raman said that, “A voyage to Europe in the summer of 1921 gave me the first opportunity of observing the wonderful blue opalescence of the Mediterranean Sea. It seemed not unlikely that the phenomenon owed its origin to the scattering of sunlight by the molecules of the water. To test this explanation, it appeared desirable to ascertain the laws governing the diffusion of light in liquids, and experiments with this object were started immediately on my return to Calcutta in September, 1921. It soon became evident, however, that the subject possessed a significance extending far beyond the special purpose for which the work was undertaken, and that it offered unlimited scope for research. It seemed indeed that the study of light-scattering might carry one into the deepest problems of physics and chemistry, and it was this belief which led to the subject becoming the main theme of our activities at Calcutta from that time onwards”.

                Sir C.V. Raman’s work is very inspiring and so is his success story. In spite of being the first Indian to win a Nobel Prize in science, he was ever humble and a true Indian because when the University of Cambridge offered him a professor’s job, he declined it stating he was an Indian and wanted to serve his own country. I salute India’s wonder scientist, Sir C.V. Raman.

Shreenabh Agrawal,

Class IX A,

The CDS School- KR.