• Fitz Haber was born on December 9, 1868 in Breslau (now Wroclaw), Prussia (now Poland). He was the son of Siegfried and Paula Haber.
  • Air is mostly nitrogen, but plants can only utilize nitrogen as fertilizer when it is part of chemical compounds. During 1913, Fritz Haber developed a method for producing ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen, which could be used to manufacture artificial fertilizer. When nitrogen and hydrogen gases pass through an apparatus at a controlled temperature, pressure, and flow rate, and in the presence of a catalyst, ammonia is formed in an energy-efficient process
  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the year 1918 was awarded to Fritz Haber "for the synthesis of ammonia from its elements".   This process is now popularly known as Haber–Bosch process, a method being used in industry to synthesize ammonia. Haber was associated with Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institute (now Fritz-Haber-Institute) for Physical and Electrochemistry,   Berlin-Dahlem, Germany at the time of receiving Nobel Prize. Today’s food production for half the world's population depends on Haber’s process for the production of nitrogen fertilizers.  
  •  Haber is also considered the "father of chemical warfare" for his years of pioneering work developing and weaponizing chlorine and other poisonous gases during World War I.
  • Haber was able to establish that "the thermal stability of the carbon-carbon bond is greater than that of the carbon-hydrogen bond in aromatic compounds and smaller in aliphatic compounds", a classic result in the study of pyrolysis of hydrocarbons. This work became Haber's habilitation thesis.
  • In the 1920s, Haber investigated exhaustively for a method to extract gold from sea water, and published number of scientific papers on the subject. After years of research, he concluded that the concentration of gold dissolved in sea water was much lower than those reported by earlier researchers, and that gold extraction from sea water was uneconomic.
  • Haber, along with Max Born, proposed the Born–Haber cycle as a method for evaluating the lattice energy of an ionic solid.
  • Haber died of heart failure on  January 29, 1934, at the age of 65 in Basel, Switzerland.  

           Contributed by Dr Surya Prakash Singh, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad